Symbolism in Iceland was and still is of huge importance. When the country was settled, it was established that it was guarded by four landvættir (land spirits). Their purpose is to protect the area where they live and bless it with prosperity. The area can range in size from a small rock to a mountain range. In Iceland, each land quarter has a very powerful spirit to protect the land. The four landvættir are the dragon (Dreki) who protects the east, the eagle (Gammur) which guards the north, the bull (Griðungur) shelters the west, and the giant (Bergrisi) shielding the south.